EXW – Ex Works (named place of delivery)
EXW is often used when making an initial quotation to sell goods without any costs included. It means that the seller makes the goods available at their premises or another named place (works, factory, warehouse, etc.). Thus, the seller does not need to load the goods on any collecting vehicle, nor does it need to clear the goods for export.
FCA – Free Carrier (named place of delivery)
FCA can have two different meanings, each with varying levels of risk and cost for the buyer and seller. FCA (a) is used when the seller delivers the goods, cleared for export, at a named place which is their premises. FCA (b) is used when the seller provides the goods, removed for export, at a designated location that is not their premises. In both instances, the goods can be delivered to a carrier nominated by the buyer or another party designated by the buyer.
CPT – Carriage Paid To (named place of destination)
Under CPT, the seller pays for the carriage of goods up to the designated area of destination.
CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid to (named place of destination)
Similar to CPT, with the exception that the seller is required to obtain minimum insurance for the goods while in transit.
DAP – Delivered at Place (named place of destination)
The seller is deemed to have delivered when the goods are placed at the buyer's disposal on the arriving means of transport and ready for unloading at the named place of destination. Under DAP terms, the seller needs to manage all risks involved in bringing the goods in.
DPU – Delivered at Place Unloaded (named place of destination)
This Incoterm requires that the seller delivers the goods, unloaded, at the designated location. The seller covers all the costs of transport (export fees, carriage, unloading from the primary carrier at the destination port, and destination port charges) and assumes all risk until arrival at the destination place.
DDP – Delivered Duty Paid (named place of destination)
The seller is responsible for delivering the goods to the named place in the buyer's country and pays all costs in bringing the goods to the destination, including import duties and taxes. The seller is not responsible for unloading.
logistics / incoterms